Kidney stones affect over three million people in the United States every year. A kidney stone is a hard mass of mineral and acid salts, varying in size. Normally, the urine is able to dilute and dissolve substances such as this, but the unbalanced composition of a kidney stone causes crystallization and a painful experience as they move through the urinary tract and the ureter.
Symptoms of kidney stones include pain in the lower side and back, pain radiating to the abdomen and groin, bloody or cloudy urine, painful urination, nausea, vomiting, and/or fever. If symptoms aren’t present, our urologists can identify a kidney stone via x-rays, blood tests, or urine tests. Most kidney stones pass on their own after drinking plenty of water, while very large stones may require shock wave therapy or surgery.
If you’re experiencing symptoms of kidney stones or are concerned about your kidney health, talk to the urologists at Fog City Urology.